Fancy yarns are very interesting to work with. Yarns whose appearances differ significantly from that of a simple yarn due to irregularities deliberately produced during their formation are called as Novelty or Fancy Yarns. Textile designers use various combination of of fancy yarns and regular yarns to create interesting fabric structure. Fancy yarns can also be used for making accessories or any craft project. Fancy yarns are used to provide design interest; thus their primary markets are in apparel and decorative fabrics.
In this artice we will gain knowledge of what fancy yarns are are and whata at the different typs of fancy yarns available in the market.
TYPES OF FANCY YARNS
- Boucle: Boucle yarns are characterized by tight loops that project from the body of the yarn at fairly regular intervals. Used in knitted sweaters, woven dresses and upholstery fabrics.
- Chenille: Derived from a term which means “caterpillar”. It refers to a special, soft, fuzzy, loft yarn with pile protruding on all sides. It is produced from woven leno fabric structure that is slit into narrow, warp wise strips to serve as yarn.
- Corkscrew or spiral yarn: Loose yarn twisted on a tight yarn.
- Two plies of different count ( fine around coarse ply).
- Crepe yarn: Are produced with high level of twist to give them liveliness. They may be single or plyed yarns. The twist in this yarn is not balanced, so the yarns have a tendency to kink and snarl.
- Flock yarns: Are frequently called flake yarns and are usually single yarns to which small tufts of fibre are added at intervals. The tufts are held to the yarn by twist or adhesive.
- Nub, knot and spot yarns: The effect yarns is wrapped around several times for special effect.
- Slub yarns: Produced by uneven twisting.
- Thick and thin yarns: This yarns are produced in the form of filament yarns by varying the pressure forcing the polymer solution through the spinnerette.