Jamdani sari is a hand loom woven fabric made of cotton, which historically was also known as muslin. Many are also made in silk (including tasar) instead of cotton because silk is easier and faster to weave
Traditionally woven around Dhaka in Bangladesh and created on the loom brocade, jamdani is fabulously rich in motifs. Jamdani sari’s have geometric design or patterns . Jamdanis have different names according to their design, for instance, panna hajar, dubli lala, butidar, tersa, jalar, duria, charkona etc.
Jamdani are decorated with floral motifs woven in discontinuous supplementary weft cotton, or occasionally silk or synthetic fibers, providing an opaque patterning against a transparent ground.
The supplementary threads are thicker andheavier than the ground as a result gives a interesting texture and increases the aesthetic value of the sari.
In India, Jamdani sari’s are woven in West Bengal and Tanda in UP.West Bengali jamdani are often called Tangil Jamdani and they have many small butis woven throughout the field often diagonally. Also n Tanda ,UP finely patterned white jamdanis, usually completely covered with vines and foliate patterns, have been created since at least the 19th century.
The jamdani weaving method employs two weavers sitting side by side at a simple handloom who add every discontinuous supplementary-weft motif separately by hand using individual spools of thread called Tilis.
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