It is very important for a fashion designer to render technical sketches accurately. Technical drawings of the garments showing all the details like measurement, no of stitches, placement of trimmings is know as flats or specs. Fashion illustration where the designer sketches a model wearing his design gives us an idea how the dress will look when worn my model or client. However FLATS and SPECS are more important detailed drawing which is important while stitching the garment. Usually a fashion designer hires tailors who stitch the garments. The specs are actually detailed information of the garments, and how it has to be stitched. A specification sheet is a paper which has all detailed information about the garment in written, it can have swatches of the garment, all measurements and flats or specs sketched clearly.
While doing a design project for your portfolio it is advisable to include flats and specs. Most designers do not show a portfolio composed exclusively of flat sketches, as it is unnecessary and repetitive. However a good command of flat sketching techniques can almost ensure job placement. Most fashion companies use flats for a variety of purposes, ranging from designing to selling their product.
In fashion Industry for Fashion Designer jobs, Knowledge of patternmaking and garment construction even if it is not a part of the job, feeling the applicant will be able to do production sketches with greater accuracy and speed. An employer might even ak you to draw flats on-the –spot as part of your job interview, to test your speed and skill.
Flats can be done both manually by using ruler, French curve and fine-line markers for professional results. Common software used is Adobe illustrator and coral draw. Other than that there are various software available in market.
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